GETHOSTNAME(2) Linux Programmer's Manual GETHOSTNAME(2) NAME gethostname, sethostname - get/set hostname SYNOPSIS #include <unistd.h> int gethostname(char *name, size_t len); int sethostname(const char *name, size_t len); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): gethostname(): Since glibc 2.12: _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L sethostname(): _BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500) DESCRIPTION These system calls are used to access or to change the hostname of the current processor. sethostname() sets the hostname to the value given in the character array name. The len argument specifies the number of bytes in name. (Thus, name does not require a terminating null byte.) gethostname() returns the null-terminated hostname in the character array name, which has a length of len bytes. If the null-terminated hostname is too large to fit, then the name is truncated, and no error is returned (but see NOTES below). POSIX.1-2001 says that if such truncation occurs, then it is unspecified whether the returned buffer includes a terminating null byte. RETURN VALUE On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. ERRORS EFAULT name is an invalid address. EINVAL len is negative or, for sethostname(), len is larger than the maximum allowed size. ENAMETOOLONG (glibc gethostname()) len is smaller than the actual size. (Before version 2.1, glibc uses EINVAL for this case.) EPERM For sethostname(), the caller did not have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability. CONFORMING TO SVr4, 4.4BSD (these interfaces first appeared in 4.2BSD). POSIX.1-2001 specifies gethostname() but not sethostname(). NOTES SUSv2 guarantees that "Host names are limited to 255 bytes". POSIX.1-2001 guarantees that "Host names (not including the terminating null byte) are limited to HOST_NAME_MAX bytes". On Linux, HOST_NAME_MAX is defined with the value 64, which has been the limit since Linux 1.0 (earlier kernels imposed a limit of 8 bytes). C library/kernel ABI differences The GNU C library does not employ the gethostname() system call; instead, it implements gethostname() as a library function that calls uname(2) and copies up to len bytes from the returned nodename field into name. Having performed the copy, the function then checks if the length of the nodename was greater than or equal to len, and if it is, then the function returns -1 with errno set to ENAMETOOLONG; in this case, a terminating null byte is not included in the returned name. Versions of glibc before 2.2 handle the case where the length of the nodename was greater than or equal to len differently: nothing is copied into name and the function returns -1 with errno set to ENAME- TOOLONG. SEE ALSO getdomainname(2), setdomainname(2), uname(2) COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2014-08-19 GETHOSTNAME(2)
Czas wygenerowania: 0.00053 sek.
Created with the man page lookup class by Andrew Collington.
Based on a C man page viewer by Vadim Pavlov
Unicode soft-hyphen fix (as used by RedHat) by Dan Edwards
Some optimisations by Eli Argon
Caching idea and code contribution by James Richardson
Copyright © 2003-2023 Linux.pl
Hosted by Hosting Linux.pl