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STATFS(2)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 STATFS(2)

NAME
       statfs, fstatfs - get filesystem statistics

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/vfs.h>    /* or <sys/statfs.h> */

       int statfs(const char *path, struct statfs *buf);
       int fstatfs(int fd, struct statfs *buf);

DESCRIPTION
       The  function  statfs() returns information about a mounted filesystem.
       path is the pathname of any file within the mounted filesystem.  buf is
       a pointer to a statfs structure defined approximately as follows:

           #if __WORDSIZE == 32          /* System word size */
           # define __SWORD_TYPE           int
           #else /* __WORDSIZE == 64 */
           # define __SWORD_TYPE         long int
           #endif

           struct statfs {
               __SWORD_TYPE f_type;    /* type of filesystem (see below) */
               __SWORD_TYPE f_bsize;   /* optimal transfer block size */
               fsblkcnt_t   f_blocks;  /* total data blocks in filesystem */
               fsblkcnt_t   f_bfree;   /* free blocks in fs */
               fsblkcnt_t   f_bavail;  /* free blocks available to
                                          unprivileged user */
               fsfilcnt_t   f_files;   /* total file nodes in filesystem */
               fsfilcnt_t   f_ffree;   /* free file nodes in fs */
               fsid_t       f_fsid;    /* filesystem id */
               __SWORD_TYPE f_namelen; /* maximum length of filenames */
               __SWORD_TYPE f_frsize;  /* fragment size (since Linux 2.6) */
               __SWORD_TYPE f_spare[5];
           };

           Filesystem types:

              ADFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xadf5
              AFFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xADFF
              BDEVFS_MAGIC          0x62646576
              BEFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0x42465331
              BFS_MAGIC             0x1BADFACE
              BINFMTFS_MAGIC        0x42494e4d
              BTRFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x9123683E
              CGROUP_SUPER_MAGIC    0x27e0eb
              CIFS_MAGIC_NUMBER     0xFF534D42
              CODA_SUPER_MAGIC      0x73757245
              COH_SUPER_MAGIC       0x012FF7B7
              CRAMFS_MAGIC          0x28cd3d45
              DEBUGFS_MAGIC         0x64626720
              DEVFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x1373
              DEVPTS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x1cd1
              EFIVARFS_MAGIC        0xde5e81e4
              EFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x00414A53
              EXT_SUPER_MAGIC       0x137D
              EXT2_OLD_SUPER_MAGIC  0xEF51
              EXT2_SUPER_MAGIC      0xEF53
              EXT3_SUPER_MAGIC      0xEF53
              EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC      0xEF53
              FUSE_SUPER_MAGIC      0x65735546
              FUTEXFS_SUPER_MAGIC   0xBAD1DEA
              HFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x4244
              HOSTFS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x00c0ffee
              HPFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xF995E849
              HUGETLBFS_MAGIC       0x958458f6
              ISOFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x9660
              JFFS2_SUPER_MAGIC     0x72b6
              JFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x3153464a
              MINIX_SUPER_MAGIC     0x137F /* orig. minix */
              MINIX_SUPER_MAGIC2    0x138F /* 30 char minix */
              MINIX2_SUPER_MAGIC    0x2468 /* minix V2 */
              MINIX2_SUPER_MAGIC2   0x2478 /* minix V2, 30 char names */
              MINIX3_SUPER_MAGIC    0x4d5a /* minix V3 fs, 60 char names */
              MQUEUE_MAGIC          0x19800202
              MSDOS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x4d44
              NCP_SUPER_MAGIC       0x564c
              NFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x6969
              NILFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x3434
              NTFS_SB_MAGIC         0x5346544e
              OPENPROM_SUPER_MAGIC  0x9fa1
              PIPEFS_MAGIC          0x50495045
              PROC_SUPER_MAGIC      0x9fa0
              PSTOREFS_MAGIC        0x6165676C
              QNX4_SUPER_MAGIC      0x002f
              QNX6_SUPER_MAGIC      0x68191122
              RAMFS_MAGIC           0x858458f6
              REISERFS_SUPER_MAGIC  0x52654973
              ROMFS_MAGIC           0x7275
              SELINUX_MAGIC         0xf97cff8c
              SMACK_MAGIC           0x43415d53
              SMB_SUPER_MAGIC       0x517B
              SOCKFS_MAGIC          0x534F434B
              SQUASHFS_MAGIC        0x73717368
              SYSFS_MAGIC           0x62656572
              SYSV2_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012FF7B6
              SYSV4_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012FF7B5
              TMPFS_MAGIC           0x01021994
              UDF_SUPER_MAGIC       0x15013346
              UFS_MAGIC             0x00011954
              USBDEVICE_SUPER_MAGIC 0x9fa2
              V9FS_MAGIC            0x01021997
              VXFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xa501FCF5
              XENFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0xabba1974
              XENIX_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012FF7B4
              XFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x58465342
              _XIAFS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x012FD16D

       Most of these MAGIC constants are defined in /usr/include/linux/magic.h
       some are hardcoded in kernel sources.

       Nobody knows what f_fsid is supposed to contain (but see below).

       Fields that are undefined for a particular filesystem  are  set  to  0.
       fstatfs() returns the same information about an open file referenced by
       descriptor fd.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and  errno  is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS
       EACCES (statfs())  Search  permission  is denied for a component of the
              path prefix of path.  (See also path_resolution(7).)

       EBADF  (fstatfs()) fd is not a valid open file descriptor.

       EFAULT buf or path points to an invalid address.

       EINTR  This call was interrupted by a signal.

       EIO    An I/O error occurred while reading from the filesystem.

       ELOOP  (statfs()) Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat-
              ing path.

       ENAMETOOLONG
              (statfs()) path is too long.

       ENOENT (statfs()) The file referred to by path does not exist.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

       ENOSYS The filesystem does not support this call.

       ENOTDIR
              (statfs())  A  component  of  the  path  prefix of path is not a
              directory.

       EOVERFLOW
              Some values were too large to be  represented  in  the  returned
              struct.

CONFORMING TO
       Linux-specific.  The Linux statfs() was inspired by the 4.4BSD one (but
       they do not use the same structure).

NOTES
       The original  Linux  statfs()  and  fstatfs()  system  calls  were  not
       designed  with extremely large file sizes in mind.  Subsequently, Linux
       2.6 added new statfs64() and fstatfs64() system calls that employ a new
       structure, statfs64.  The new structure contains the same fields as the
       original  statfs  structure,  but  the  sizes  of  various  fields  are
       increased,  to  accommodate  large  file sizes.  The glibc statfs() and
       fstatfs() wrapper functions transparently deal with the kernel  differ-
       ences.

       Some   systems   only   have   <sys/vfs.h>,  other  systems  also  have
       <sys/statfs.h>, where the former includes  the  latter.   So  it  seems
       including the former is the best choice.

       LSB  has  deprecated the library calls statfs() and fstatfs() and tells
       us to use statvfs(2) and fstatvfs(2) instead.

   The f_fsid field
       Solaris, Irix and POSIX have a system call statvfs(2)  that  returns  a
       struct statvfs (defined in <sys/statvfs.h>) containing an unsigned long
       f_fsid.  Linux, SunOS, HP-UX, 4.4BSD have a system call  statfs()  that
       returns  a  struct  statfs (defined in <sys/vfs.h>) containing a fsid_t
       f_fsid, where fsid_t is defined as struct { int val[2];  }.   The  same
       holds for FreeBSD, except that it uses the include file <sys/mount.h>.

       The  general  idea  is that f_fsid contains some random stuff such that
       the pair (f_fsid,ino) uniquely determines a file.  Some operating  sys-
       tems  use (a variation on) the device number, or the device number com-
       bined with the filesystem type.   Several  operating  systems  restrict
       giving  out  the  f_fsid  field  to the superuser only (and zero it for
       unprivileged users), because this field is used in  the  filehandle  of
       the  filesystem when NFS-exported, and giving it out is a security con-
       cern.

       Under some operating systems, the fsid can be used as the second  argu-
       ment to the sysfs(2) system call.

BUGS
       From  Linux 2.6.38 up to and including Linux 3.1, fstatfs() failed with
       the error ENOSYS for file descriptors created by pipe(2).

SEE ALSO
       stat(2), statvfs(2), path_resolution(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.74 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2014-06-13                         STATFS(2)

Czas wygenerowania: 0.00015 sek.


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