FPCLASSIFY(3) Linux Programmer's Manual FPCLASSIFY(3) NAME fpclassify, isfinite, isnormal, isnan, isinf - floating-point classifi- cation macros SYNOPSIS #include <math.h> int fpclassify(x); int isfinite(x); int isnormal(x); int isnan(x); int isinf(x); Link with -lm. Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): fpclassify(), isfinite(), isnormal(): _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc -std=c99 isnan(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc -std=c99 isinf(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc -std=c99 DESCRIPTION Floating point numbers can have special values, such as infinite or NaN. With the macro fpclassify(x) you can find out what type x is. The macro takes any floating-point expression as argument. The result is one of the following values: FP_NAN x is "Not a Number". FP_INFINITE x is either positive infinity or negative infinity. FP_ZERO x is zero. FP_SUBNORMAL x is too small to be represented in normalized format. FP_NORMAL if nothing of the above is correct then it must be a nor- mal floating-point number. The other macros provide a short answer to some standard questions. isfinite(x) returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) != FP_NAN && fpclassify(x) != FP_INFINITE) isnormal(x) returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NORMAL) isnan(x) returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NAN) isinf(x) returns 1 if x is positive infinity, and -1 if x is nega- tive infinity. ATTRIBUTES Multithreading (see pthreads(7)) The fpclassify(), isfinite(), isnormal(), isnan(), and isinf() macros are thread-safe. CONFORMING TO C99, POSIX.1. For isinf(), the standards merely say that the return value is nonzero if and only if the argument has an infinite value. NOTES In glibc 2.01 and earlier, isinf() returns a nonzero value (actually: 1) if x is positive infinity or negative infinity. (This is all that C99 requires.) SEE ALSO finite(3), INFINITY(3), isgreater(3), signbit(3) COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2013-08-06 FPCLASSIFY(3)
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