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dpkg-buildpackage(1)            dpkg utilities            dpkg-buildpackage(1)

       dpkg-buildpackage - build binary or source packages from sources

       dpkg-buildpackage [option...]

       dpkg-buildpackage is a program that automates the process of building a
       Debian package. It consists of the following steps:

       1. It prepares the build environment  by  setting  various  environment
          variables   (see   ENVIRONMENT),  runs  the  init  hook,  and  calls
          dpkg-source --before-build (unless -T or --target has been used).

       2. It checks that the build-dependencies and build-conflicts are satis-
          fied (unless -d is specified).

       3. If  a  specific  target  has  been  selected with the -T or --target
          option, it calls that target and stops here. Otherwise it  runs  the
          preclean  hook  and  calls  fakeroot debian/rules clean to clean the
          build-tree (unless -nc is specified).

       4. It runs the source hook and calls dpkg-source  -b  to  generate  the
          source  package  (unless a binary-only build has been requested with
          -b, -B or -A).

       5. It runs the build hook and  calls  debian/rules  build-target,  then
          runs the binary hook followed by fakeroot debian/rules binary-target
          (unless a source-only build has been requested with -S).  Note  that
          build-target  and binary-target are either build and binary (default
          case, or if -b is specified), or build-arch and binary-arch  (if  -B
          or  -G  are specified), or build-indep and binary-indep (if -A or -g
          are specified).

       6. It runs the changes hook and calls  dpkg-genchanges  to  generate  a
          .changes  file.   Many  dpkg-buildpackage  options  are forwarded to

       7. It runs the postclean hook and if -tc is  specified,  it  will  call
          fakeroot debian/rules clean again.

       8. It calls dpkg-source --after-build.

       9. It  runs the check hook and calls a package checker for the .changes
          file (if  a  command  is  specified  in  DEB_CHECK_COMMAND  or  with

          It  runs  the  sign hook and calls gpg2 or gpg to sign the .dsc file
          (if any, unless -us is specified or on UNRELEASED builds),  and  the
          .changes file (unless -uc is specified or on UNRELEASED builds).

          It runs the done hook.

       -g     Specifies a build limited to source and architecture independent
              packages.  Passed to dpkg-genchanges.

       -G     Specifies a build limited to source  and  architecture  specific
              packages.  Passed to dpkg-genchanges.

       -b     Specifies  a  binary-only build, no source files are to be built
              and/or distributed. Passed to dpkg-genchanges.

       -B     Specifies a binary-only build, limited to architecture dependent
              packages.  Passed to dpkg-genchanges.

       -A     Specifies  a binary-only build, limited to architecture indepen-
              dent packages. Passed to dpkg-genchanges.

       -S     Specifies a source-only build, no binary  packages  need  to  be
              made.  Passed to dpkg-genchanges.

       -F     Specifies  a  normal full build, binary and source packages will
              be built.  This is the same as the default case  when  no  build
              option is specified.

       --target target
              Calls  debian/rules target after having setup the build environ-
              ment and stops the package build process here. If  --as-root  is
              also  given, then the command is executed as root (see -r). Note
              that official targets that are required to be run as root by the
              Debian policy do not need this option.

              Only meaningful together with --target. Requires that the target
              be run with root rights.

              Passed unchanged to dpkg-genchanges. See its manual page.

       -a, --host-arch architecture
              Specify the Debian architecture we build for.  The  architecture
              of  the  machine we build on is determined automatically, and is
              also the default for the host machine.

       -t, --host-type gnu-system-type
              Specify the GNU system type we build for.  It  can  be  used  in
              place  of --host-arch or as a complement to override the default
              GNU system type of the host Debian architecture.

       --target-arch architecture
              Specify the Debian architecture the binaries  built  will  build
              for.  The default value is the host machine.

       --target-type gnu-system-type
              Specify  the  GNU system type the binaries built will build for.
              It can be used in place of --target-arch or as a  complement  to
              override the default GNU system type of the target Debian archi-

              Specify the profile(s) we build, as a comma-separated list.  The
              default  behavior is to build for no specific profile. Also sets
              them (as a space separated list) as the DEB_BUILD_PROFILES envi-
              ronment  variable  which allows, for example, debian/rules files
              to use this information for conditional builds.

              Number of jobs allowed to be run simultaneously, number of  jobs
              matching  the  number of online processors if auto is specified,
              or unlimited number if jobs is not specified, equivalent to  the
              make(1)  option  of  the same name. Will add itself to the MAKE-
              FLAGS environment variable, which should  cause  all  subsequent
              make  invocations to inherit the option. Also adds parallel=jobs
              or parallel= to the DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS environment variable which
              allows  debian/rules files to use this information for their own
              purposes.    The   parallel=jobs   or   parallel=   option    in
              DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS  environment  variable  will  override  the -j
              value if this option is given.  Note that the  auto  value  will
              get  replaced  by  the actual number of currently active proces-
              sors, and as such will not get propagated to any child  process.
              If  the  number of online processors cannot be inferred then the
              code will fallback to using an unlimited number.

       -D     Check build dependencies and conflicts;  abort  if  unsatisfied.
              This is the default behavior.

       -d     Do not check build dependencies and conflicts.

       -nc    Do  not  clean  the  source tree (implies -b if nothing else has
              been selected among -F, -g, -G, -B, -A or -S).

       -tc    Clean the  source  tree  (using  gain-root-command  debian/rules
              clean) after the package has been built.

              When  dpkg-buildpackage  needs  to  execute  part  of  the build
              process as root, it prefixes the command it executes with  gain-
              root-command  if  one has been specified. Otherwise, if none has
              been specified, fakeroot will be used by default, if the command
              is  present.   gain-root-command should start with the name of a
              program on the PATH and will get as arguments the  name  of  the
              real  command  to  run  and the arguments it should take.  gain-
              root-command can include parameters (they  must  be  space-sepa-
              rated)  but  no  shell  metacharacters.  gain-root-command might
              typically be fakeroot, sudo, super or really.  su is  not  suit-
              able,  since it can only invoke the user's shell with -c instead
              of passing arguments individually to the command to be run.

              Building a Debian package usually involves invoking debian/rules
              as  a command with several standard parameters. With this option
              it's possible to use another program  invocation  to  build  the
              package  (it  can include space separated parameters).  Alterna-
              tively it can be used to execute the standard  rules  file  with
              another  make  program (for example by using /usr/local/bin/make
              -f debian/rules as rules-file).

              Command used to check the .changes file itself and any  artifact
              built  referenced  in  the  file.  The  command  should take the
              .changes pathname as an argument. This command will  usually  be

              Pass   option   opt   to   the   check-command   specified  with
              DEB_CHECK_COMMAND or  --check-command.   Can  be  used  multiple

              Set the specified shell code hook-command as the hook hook-name,
              which will run at the times specified  in  the  run  steps.  The
              hooks  will  always  be executed even if the following action is
              not performed (except for the binary hook).

              Note: Hooks can affect the build process, and cause build  fail-
              ures  if their commands fail, so watch out for unintended conse-

              The current hook-name supported are:

              init preclean source build binary changes postclean  check  sign

              The  hook-command  supports  the  following  substitution format
              string, which will get applied to it before execution:

              %%     A single % character.

              %a     A boolean value (0 or 1), representing whether  the  fol-
                     lowing action is being performed.

              %p     The source package name.

              %v     The source package version.

              %s     The source package version (without the epoch).

              %u     The upstream version.

              When  dpkg-buildpackage  needs  to  execute GPG to sign a source
              control (.dsc) file or a .changes file it will run  sign-command
              (searching  the PATH if necessary) instead of gpg2 or gpg. sign-
              command will get all the arguments that gpg2 or gpg  would  have
              gotten.  sign-command  should  not  contain  spaces or any other
              shell metacharacters.

              Specify a key-ID to use when signing packages.

       -us    Do not sign the source package.

       -uc    Do not sign the .changes file.

              Force the signing of the resulting files  (since  dpkg  1.17.0),
              regardless of -us or -uc or other internal heuristics.

       -z, -Z Passed unchanged to dpkg-source. See its manual page.

              Pass option opt to dpkg-source.  Can be used multiple times.

              Pass option opt to dpkg-genchanges.  Can be used multiple times.

       --admindir dir
              Change  the  location of the dpkg database. The default location
              is /var/lib/dpkg.

       -?, --help
              Show the usage message and exit.

              Show the version and exit.

              If set, it will be used as the command  to  check  the  .changes
              file.  Overridden by the --check-command option.

              If  set,  it  will  be used to sign the .changes and .dsc files.
              Overridden by the -k option.

              If set, and containing nocheck  the  DEB_CHECK_COMMAND  variable
              will be ignored.

              If  set,  it will be used as the active build profile(s) for the
              package being built. It is a space  separated  list  of  profile
              names. Overridden by the -P option.

   Reliance on exported environment flags
       Even  if  dpkg-buildpackage exports some variables, debian/rules should
       not rely on their presence and should instead use the respective inter-
       face to retrieve the needed values.

   Variables set by dpkg-architecture
       dpkg-architecture  is  called  with the -a and -t parameters forwarded.
       Any variable that is output by its -s option is integrated in the build

   Compiler flags are no longer exported
       Between  dpkg  1.14.17  and 1.16.1, dpkg-buildpackage exported compiler
       flags (CFLAGS, CXXFLAGS, FFLAGS, CPPFLAGS and LDFLAGS) with  values  as
       returned by dpkg-buildflags. This is no longer the case.

   Default build targets
       dpkg-buildpackage is using the build-arch and build-indep targets since
       dpkg 1.16.2. Those targets are thus mandatory. But to  avoid  breakages
       of  existing  packages,  and  ease  the transition, it will fallback to
       using the build target if make -f debian/rules -qn build-target returns
       2 as exit code.

       It  should  be  possible to specify spaces and shell metacharacters and
       initial arguments for gain-root-command and sign-command.

       dpkg-source(1), dpkg-architecture(1), dpkg-buildflags(1),
       dpkg-genchanges(1), fakeroot(1), lintian(1), gpg2(1), gpg(1).

Debian Project                    2013-12-12              dpkg-buildpackage(1)

Czas wygenerowania: 0.00053 sek.

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