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DEBCONF-GETTEXTIZE(1)             po-debconf             DEBCONF-GETTEXTIZE(1)

       debconf-gettextize - extract translations of debconf templates into PO

       debconf-gettextize [-v] [-h] [--podir=DIR] [--choices] [--merge] master
       [master ...]

       The /var/lib/dpkg/info/*.templates files read by debconf contain
       English text and translations in the same file.  But in source
       packages, translations are managed in separate files to help
       translators.  In the initial implementation, a master templates file
       contained only English text, and templates.xx files contained both
       original and translated strings for the language xx.  The debconf-
       mergetemplate program was merging master and translated templates

       The new implementation with "po-debconf" is based on "gettext".
       Maintainers mark translatable fields by prepending them with an
       underscore, English strings are automatically extracted into a POT
       file, translators work on normal PO files, and po2debconf generates a
       merged templates file with the same structure.

       The debconf-gettextize program was initially designed to help migrating
       to the new implementation.

       o It reads a list of master files and their associated translations,
         and generates po/*.po files for each language containing translated

       o Each input file receives an ".old" suffix, and a new master file
         overwrites the old one; it is identical to the previous master file
         except that an underscore is prepended to translatable fields.
         Developers can then choose which fields translators have to work on
         and which ones are skipped because their values are not locale-

       o A po/ file is also created, it contains the list of
         templates files debconf-updatepo has to process.

       Typically the debconf-gettextize program must be run only once when
       transforming from the first implementation to the "po-debconf" format,
       but it can also be used afterwards to transform a "_Choices" field into
       "__Choices" (or vice-versa) without losing translations, when using the
       "--merge" flag (alongside with "--choices" or not).  The desired
       template containing the "_Choices" or "__Choices" fields to modify has
       to be copied into a temporary template file, which is passed to
       debconf-gettextize as an argument.  Then the following steps are

       1. po2debconf is run on this template file to generate a translated
          templates file.

       2. This translated templates file is processed as described above and
          PO files are generated.

       3. Newly created PO files are merged with existing ones.

       When PO files are merged, "_Choices" fields have to be replaced by
       "__Choices" (or vice-versa) in the original templates file before
       running debconf-updatepo, otherwise new translations will be fuzzy.

       -h, --help
           Display a usage summary for the program and exit.

       -v, --verbose
           Process in verbose mode.

           Set directory for PO files.  Default is to search for PO files in
           the po subdirectory below the location of the first master file.

           By default, debconf-gettextize replaces "Choices" fields by
           "_Choices".  With this flag, "__Choices" fields are written

           When this flag is set, the strings are merged with existing PO
           files.  The templates files and po/ are not modified.

       The "Default" field is special when template type is "Select" or
       "Multiselect", because a value has to be chosen amongst the English
       list of choices, even for localized values.  Normally this field must
       not be changed, but in rare circumstances localized values are
       meaningful (e.g. to choose the default language of an application).  In
       order to let translators know that this localized "Default" field is
       special, you must by convention call it "_DefaultChoice" instead of

       debconf-updatepo(1), po2debconf(1), debconf-devel(7), po-debconf(7).

         Denis Barbier <>
         Martin Quinson <>

                                  2014-06-22             DEBCONF-GETTEXTIZE(1)

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