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ExtUtils::MakeMaker::TuPerlaProgrammers ReExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial(3perl)

       ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial - Writing a module with MakeMaker

           use ExtUtils::MakeMaker;

               NAME            => 'Your::Module',
               VERSION_FROM    => 'lib/Your/'

       This is a short tutorial on writing a simple module with MakeMaker.
       It's really not that hard.

   The Mantra
       MakeMaker modules are installed using this simple mantra

               perl Makefile.PL
               make test
               make install

       There are lots more commands and options, but the above will do it.

   The Layout
       The basic files in a module look something like this.


       That's all that's strictly necessary.  There's additional files you
       might want:


           When you run Makefile.PL, it makes a Makefile.  That's the whole
           point of MakeMaker.  The Makefile.PL is a simple program which
           loads ExtUtils::MakeMaker and runs the WriteMakefile() function to
           generate a Makefile.

           Here's an example of what you need for a simple module:

               use ExtUtils::MakeMaker;

                   NAME            => 'Your::Module',
                   VERSION_FROM    => 'lib/Your/'

           NAME is the top-level namespace of your module.  VERSION_FROM is
           the file which contains the $VERSION variable for the entire
           distribution.  Typically this is the same as your top-level module.

           A simple listing of all the files in your distribution.


           File paths in a MANIFEST always use Unix conventions (ie. /) even
           if you're not on Unix.

           You can write this by hand or generate it with 'make manifest'.

           See ExtUtils::Manifest for more details.

           This is the directory where the .pm and .pod files you wish to have
           installed go.  They are laid out according to namespace.  So
           Foo::Bar is lib/Foo/

       t/  Tests for your modules go here.  Each test filename ends with a .t.
           So t/foo.t/  'make test' will run these tests.  The directory is
           flat, you cannot, for example, have t/foo/bar.t run by 'make test'.

           Tests are run from the top level of your distribution.  So inside a
           test you would refer to ./lib to enter the lib directory, for

           A log of changes you've made to this module.  The layout is free-
           form.  Here's an example:

               1.01 Fri Apr 11 00:21:25 PDT 2003
                   - thing() does some stuff now
                   - fixed the wiggy bug in withit()

               1.00 Mon Apr  7 00:57:15 PDT 2003
                   - "Rain of Frogs" now supported

           A short description of your module, what it does, why someone would
           use it and its limitations.  CPAN automatically pulls your README
           file out of the archive and makes it available to CPAN users, it is
           the first thing they will read to decide if your module is right
           for them.

           Instructions on how to install your module along with any
           dependencies.  Suggested information to include here:

               any extra modules required for use
               the minimum version of Perl required
               if only works on certain operating systems

           A file full of regular expressions to exclude when using 'make
           manifest' to generate the MANIFEST.  These regular expressions are
           checked against each file path found in the distribution (so you're
           matching against "t/foo.t" not "foo.t").

           Here's a sample:

               ~$          # ignore emacs and vim backup files
               .bak$       # ignore manual backups
               \#          # ignore CVS old revision files and emacs temp files

           Since # can be used for comments, # must be escaped.

           MakeMaker comes with a default MANIFEST.SKIP to avoid things like
           version control directories and backup files.  Specifying your own
           will override this default.


       perlmodstyle gives stylistic help writing a module.

       perlnewmod gives more information about how to write a module.

       There are modules to help you through the process of writing a module:
       ExtUtils::ModuleMaker, Module::Install, PAR

perl v5.20.2                      2014-12-ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial(3perl)

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