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CGI::Push(3pm)        User Contributed Perl Documentation       CGI::Push(3pm)

       CGI::Push - Simple Interface to Server Push

           use strict;
           use warnings;

           use CGI::Push qw(:standard);

               -next_page => \&next_page,
               -last_page => \&last_page,
               -delay     => 0.5

           sub next_page {
               my($q,$counter) = @_;
               return undef if $counter >= 10;

           sub last_page {
               my($q,$counter) = @_;
               return ...

       CGI::Push is a subclass of the CGI object created by  It is
       specialized for server push operations, which allow you to create
       animated pages whose content changes at regular intervals.

       You provide CGI::Push with a pointer to a subroutine that will draw one
       page.  Every time your subroutine is called, it generates a new page.
       The contents of the page will be transmitted to the browser in such a
       way that it will replace what was there beforehand.  The technique will
       work with HTML pages as well as with graphics files, allowing you to
       create animated GIFs.

       Only Netscape Navigator supports server push.  Internet Explorer
       browsers do not.

       CGI::Push adds one new method to the standard CGI suite, do_push().
       When you call this method, you pass it a reference to a subroutine that
       is responsible for drawing each new page, an interval delay, and an
       optional subroutine for drawing the last page.  Other optional
       parameters include most of those recognized by the CGI header() method.

       You may call do_push() in the object oriented manner or not, as you

           use CGI::Push;
           $q = CGI::Push->new;


           use CGI::Push qw(:standard);

       Parameters are as follows:


           This required parameter points to a reference to a subroutine
           responsible for drawing each new page.  The subroutine should
           expect two parameters consisting of the CGI object and a counter
           indicating the number of times the subroutine has been called.  It
           should return the contents of the page as an array of one or more
           items to print.  It can return a false value (or an empty array) in
           order to abort the redrawing loop and print out the final page (if

               sub my_draw_routine {
                   my($q,$counter) = @_;
                   return undef if $counter > 100;

           You are of course free to refer to create and use global variables
           within your draw routine in order to achieve special effects.

           This optional parameter points to a reference to the subroutine
           responsible for drawing the last page of the series.  It is called
           after the -next_page routine returns a false value.  The subroutine
           itself should have exactly the same calling conventions as the
           -next_page routine.

           This optional parameter indicates the content type of each page.
           It defaults to "text/html".  Normally the module assumes that each
           page is of a homogeneous MIME type.  However if you provide either
           of the magic values "heterogeneous" or "dynamic" (the latter
           provided for the convenience of those who hate long parameter
           names), you can specify the MIME type -- and other header fields --
           on a per-page basis.  See "heterogeneous pages" for more details.

           This indicates the delay, in seconds, between frames.  Smaller
           delays refresh the page faster.  Fractional values are allowed.

           If not specified, -delay will default to 1 second

       -cookie, -target, -expires, -nph
           These have the same meaning as the like-named parameters in

           If not specified, -nph will default to 1 (as needed for many
           servers, see below).

   Heterogeneous Pages
       Ordinarily all pages displayed by CGI::Push share a common MIME type.
       However by providing a value of "heterogeneous" or "dynamic" in the
       do_push() -type parameter, you can specify the MIME type of each page
       on a case-by-case basis.

       If you use this option, you will be responsible for producing the HTTP
       header for each page.  Simply modify your draw routine to look like

           sub my_draw_routine {
               my($q,$counter) = @_;
               return header('text/html'),   # note we're producing the header here

       You can add any header fields that you like, but some (cookies and
       status fields included) may not be interpreted by the browser.  One
       interesting effect is to display a series of pages, then, after the
       last page, to redirect the browser to a new URL.  Because redirect()
       does b<not> work, the easiest way is with a -refresh header field, as
       shown below:

           sub my_draw_routine {
               my($q,$counter) = @_;
               return undef if $counter > 10;
               return header('text/html'),   # note we're producing the header here

           sub my_last_page {
               return header(-refresh=>'5; URL=http://somewhere.else/finished.html',

   Changing the Page Delay on the Fly
       If you would like to control the delay between pages on a page-by-page
       basis, call push_delay() from within your draw routine.  push_delay()
       takes a single numeric argument representing the number of seconds you
       wish to delay after the current page is displayed and before displaying
       the next one.  The delay may be fractional.  Without parameters,
       push_delay() just returns the current delay.

       Server push scripts must be installed as no-parsed-header (NPH) scripts
       in order to work correctly on many servers.  On Unix systems, this is
       most often accomplished by prefixing the script's name with "nph-".
       Recognition of NPH scripts happens automatically with WebSTAR and
       Microsoft IIS.  Users of other servers should see their documentation
       for help.

       Apache web server from version 1.3b2 on does not need server push
       scripts installed as NPH scripts: the -nph parameter to do_push() may
       be set to a false value to disable the extra headers needed by an NPH

       The distribution is copyright 1995-2007, Lincoln D. Stein. It is
       distributed under GPL and the Artistic License 2.0. It is currently
       maintained by Lee Johnson with help from many contributors.

       Address bug reports and comments to:

       The original bug tracker can be found at:

       When sending bug reports, please provide the version of, the
       version of Perl, the name and version of your Web server, and the name
       and version of the operating system you are using.  If the problem is
       even remotely browser dependent, please provide information about the
       affected browsers as well.  Copyright 1995-1998, Lincoln D. Stein.  All
       rights reserved.

       This section intentionally left blank.

       CGI::Carp, CGI

perl v5.20.2                      2017-12-01                    CGI::Push(3pm)

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